Systems analysis and design – Questions and Answers

Subject Title: ICT Revision Kit
TOPIC: Systems analysis and design

QUESTION 1
April 2022 Question Two B and C
(b) Outline four possible causes of ICT project failure during system implementation.
(4 marks)
(c) (i) Explain the term “requirement elicitation” in relation to software development.
(2 marks)
(ii) Explain two “requirements Elicitation” techniques. (4 marks)

QUESTION 2
April 2022 Question Five D
Examine the significance of carrying out stakeholder analysis before undertaking an information systems project. (6 marks)

QUESTION 3
April 2022 Question Seven D
Summarise two common challenges encountered while using the system development life cycle (SDLC) model. (2 marks)

QUESTION 4
December 2021 Question Three C
(c) Define each of the following terms as used in systems theory.
(i) Functional decomposition. (2 marks)
(ii) Functional cohesion. (2 marks)
(iii) Feed-forward. (2 marks)

QUESTION 5
December 2021 Question Four D
Outline four advantages of using joint application design (JAD) technique in the design of an information system. (4 marks)

QUESTION 6
December 2021 Question Five B and C
(b) (i) Define the term “system” in the context of information systems. (1 mark)
(ii) Distinguish between “physical systems” and “abstract systems”. (2 marks)
(c) (i) Describe the job of a Systems Analyst. (1 mark)
(ii) Outline five tasks performed by a Systems Analyst. (5 marks)

QUESTION 7
December 2021 Question Six B
Outline eight activities carried out during systems analysis. (8 marks)

QUESTION 8
November 2019 Question One A
You are the information systems manager for a new accounting software system that will provide monthly income statements to twenty local computer dealers.
Required:
(i) Explain three roles of a systems architect during the implementation of the above system.
(ii) Identify three types of processing controls in the accounting software system
(iii) Explain three ways the system could be used for gaining business competitive advantage.
Evaluate three challenges that are likely to be encountered during the implementation process.

QUESTION 9
November 2019 Question Three C
Describe four barriers against implementation of management information systems in organisations.

QUESTION 10
November 2019 Question Five B
Highlight two activities carried out at each of the following system development stages:
(i) System analysis.
(ii) System design.
(iii) System implementation

QUESTION 11
May 2019 Question One D
Identify six factors that might enhance successful system development.

QUESTION 12
May 2019 Question Three A
Explain two applications of object oriented programming languages in information systems development.

QUESTION 13
May 2019 Question Six A (iii) and B
In the context of computing, differentiate the following terms:
“Closed system” and “open system”.
Describe four types of feasibility studies that could be conducted during systems development life cycle (SDLC).

QUESTION 14
November 2018 Question One B
Explain each of the following information system maintenance techniques:
(i) Patching.
(ii) Configuration management.

QUESTION 15
November 2018 Question Two B
Explain four reasons why models are used in software systems development.

QUESTION 16
November 2018 Question Three D
Distinguish between “supply chain planning systems” and “supply chain execution systems”.

QUESTION 17
November 2018 Question Four D
Examine four reasons why system maintenance phase is necessary in system development life cycle (SDLC).

QUESTION 18
November 2018 Question Six B
Describe four suitable circumstances under which Rapid Application Development (RAD) approach might be used during system development.

QUESTION 19
May 2018 Question Two B
Describe three problems of the systems development lifecycle (SDLC) model of developing information systems.

QUESTION 20
November 2017 Question Four A and C
Outline six activities that could be undertaken in the development of a management information system for an organisation.

Furaha is a members only club in the suburbs of a city. It boasts of a bar and restaurant, golf course. a tennis court and a swimming pool among its facilities. Members can take golf or tennis lessons, enroll in weekly scheduled events, participate in tournaments and invite guests for certain activities. The club is managed by a board of directors that is responsible for hiring staff and monitoring the budget.
Required:
(i) Identify two of the club’s subsystems.
(ii) Suggest two system interfaces in the club’s operations.

QUESTION 21
May 2017 Question Two B
Application software can be developed and modified by an organisation’s own non-programming staff. This approach to software development is known as end-user development.

Required:
Highlight six benefits of end-user development.

QUESTION 22
May 2017 Question Three C
Prototyping is the process of building an experimental system quickly and cheaply for demonstration and evaluation so that end users can better define information requirements.

Required:
Identify four steps of developing a prototype.

QUESTION 23
May 2017 Question Five B
Distinguish between “entropy” and “symbiosis” as used in general systems theory.

QUESTION 24
May 2017 Question Six A
Paul Ndege, an information systems developer, prefers to use web-based information systems project management tools over the conventional methods.

Required:
Explain six reasons for the above preference by Paul Ndege.

QUESTION 25
May 2016 Question One D
Differentiate between a “boundary” and a “constraint” as used in system theory

QUESTION 26
May 2016 Question Five A
Explain the meaning of the following concepts as used in system theory:
(i) Sub-optimisation.
(ii) Decoupling.
(iii) Equifinality

QUESTION 27
May 2016 Question Six A and C
a) Public domain software is a software that is not protected by copyright and thus may be duplicated by anyone at will.

Explain three reasons behind developing and distributing public domain software.

c) One of the emerging trends in information technology which has strategic implications for business firms is the move towards open systems.

Required:
i. Explain the meaning of the term “open system concept”.
ii. Suggest three implications of the move towards open systems for organisations that have already invested in proprietary information systems

QUESTION 28
May 2016 Question Seven A
The introduction of information systems in organisations may lead to changes in work processes that may require re-training.
Suggest three areas of training that might be required by the following personnel:
(i) Senior managers.
(ii) Users of the new system.

QUESTION 29
Pilot paper 2015 Question Two B
Distinguish between an “evolutionary prototype” and an “exploratory prototype” as used in prototyping.

QUESTION 30
Pilot paper 2015 Question Five D
Evaluate four key activities undertaken in the following phases of system development:
(i) System design phase.
(ii) System implementation phase.

QUESTION 31
Pilot paper 2015 Question Six C
Highlight four benefits of the waterfall methodology of system development.

(Visited 3 times, 1 visits today)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *